How to Properly Use a Planer

The shank is a tool for working on wood that served our ancestors and most likely will serve our descendants. For all of its existence, it has changed little, if you do not take into account the electric cutters, which is often not suitable for making piece or miniature things that require manual processing, so the ability to use it is an important skill for any home master doing everything in the house with their own hands. About what to choose and generally what tools are needed to work on the tree.

To process the planing of the wood billet proceeded “without a knot, without a hitch” (as evidenced by the unmelted wool coming out of the slot in the shoe block), it is necessary to fine-tune the knife of the planer and correctly drive the plane along the planed surface.

When planing blanks of blanks, the knife should remove the shavings of uniform thickness. To do this, you need to set up a shovel, a double planer (with a double blade) or a grinder. The chipmaker fulfills the function corresponding to its name and should be installed a little bit higher (approximately 1 mm) of the blade of the knife and fit snugly against it.

How to Properly Use a Planer

First, the knife with the chip breaker fixed on it is inserted into the slot (lek) of the shoe (body) and slightly wedged. Then expose the knife with light blows of the hammer so that its blade was located parallel to the base of the plane and slightly protruded above it. After that, the knife is finally fixed in the shoe by a wedge, screw or cam clamp (depending on the design of the plane).

As during planing, the upper part of the body of the worker makes movements with the plane, the joiner should stand side by side with the workpiece being machined, exposing one leg forward. In order for the plane at the beginning and at the end of the workpiece not to tip over (then the surface to be treated will be uneven on these sections), it is better to firstly put on its front handle, and then on the output – to the rear.


When planing the edges of flat workpieces, you must make the plane on a flat trajectory along the entire length of the workpiece, laying on it evenly. At this point the knife must be secured securely, so that it does not vibrate in the shoe. In addition, shavings should be avoided, strict in the direction of the wood fibers. When processing blanks from wood with a thin and irregular texture (for example, root), the knife should be sharpened very well. When planing, this workpiece should be constantly rotated.


In order to make a smooth but smooth surface smooth, it is enough to process it with a soft grinder (tool with an inclined knife for fine planing hard-to-digest wood increased to 60 degrees) and a jointer. To eliminate irregularities or to remove a thicker layer, treatment with Sherhebel will be required. The latter is equipped with a narrow (width 33 mm) convex knife with an oval blade, capable of removing in one pass shavings up to 3 mm thick. After that, the floor should be leveled with a grinding wheel and “ironed” with a jointer.

Related: Thickness Planer: How To Choose?