When cleaning the ends of the workpieces, the planing rod is driven in the direction of “from oneself”, making short shocks. In this case, the wood fibers are cut across, which requires a little more effort and the use of a very sharp knife. To avoid chipping at the edge, in the direction of which the end of the workpiece is machined, a chamfer can be removed on this edge. And it is better to first to process to the middle one half of the butt, and then, having unfolded the workpiece by 180 degrees, its second half.
In modern planes with a metal shoe, the knife is usually fixed with a screw.
By another screw (adjusting), you can adjust the plane to the required thickness of the removed chips to within hundredths of a millimeter.
In addition, these planes are equipped with a so-called knife tilt adjuster, which allows you to quickly set the knife blade relative to the bottom of the plane by simply pressing the thumb on the appropriate lever.
Proper storage of the planer
More than during operation, the blades deteriorate from contact with foreign objects when the plane is not used. During breaks in work, the benchtop planer planes should be placed on the side or the front part of the sole on a wooden support. For long-term storage or when transporting a plane in a toolbox, the knife should be removed inside the shoe.
How to use the planer (jointer, grinder)
Fixing in the vice of the workbench a knife of a planer with an exposed chipbreaker, slightly tighten the screw. After wedging, the chipbreaker is fixed by itself due to its springiness.
Insert the knife into the plane of the plane and at first only by hand fix the wedge in its guides.
To determine whether the knife is correctly positioned (its blade must be parallel to the plane of the bottom of the plane and slightly protruding above it), you just need to turn the plane and assess the mutual parallelism of the blade of the knife and the sole to the eye. To adjust (if necessary) the position of the knife, release the wedge, set the knife correctly and again fix it with a wedge.
It is more convenient to adjust the narrow edge with, for example, a piece of board pressed against the workpiece, or at the same time to plan the edges of several thin boards assembled in a package. In this case, the support surface for the bottom of the planer increases.
Sherchebel can remove in one pass a thicker layer of material.
To ensure that the edge does not turn out to be rounded, the plane should be kept flat, without tilting it in any direction.
The blanks of the short lengths are very smooth with a silky shine even after the treatment with a single-sander.
Strict end face of the workpiece will be much easier if you keep the plane at an angle to the workpiece blanks.
Wide wooden lining, attached with a clamp to both edges of the workpiece, will exclude chipping when machining the butt.